The internet has proven to be a powerful and useful tool for billions of people worldwide. However, in the same way that you shoudn’t leave your houses unlocked, you shouldn’t venture online without taking some basic precautions. This post is to teach you about the online threats and ways to protect yourself.
Criminals, such as black hat hackers, who use malevolent programs on a computer and the internet to commit illegal activity. This can be breaking into computers and stealing personal/corporate data or disputing operations, among many others.
3. Torjan Horse
A torjan horse is a destructive computer program that masquerades itself as a being file or application( such as .jpg or .dox). It then opens up a backdoor or access to your pc without your knowledge.
A botnet is a large network of compromised computers. A “bot” is a malicious software that enables cybercriminals to control your computer without your knowledge and use it to execute illegal activities such as spaming, spreading viruses etc.
Harmful computer programs that are designed to spread from one computer to another and interfere with computer operations. A virus can corrupt or delete data on your computer and damage your harddrive.
This self-replicating malicious computer program uses a computer network to send copies of itself to another computers on the same network. Unlike a virus, it doesn’t need to attach itself to an existing program. Worms almost always cause some damage to a network.
Spyware, which can be legitimate software, monitors a user’s online activity and collects various personal informations, such as internet surfing habits etc. the presence of spyware is typically hidden from the user and can be difficult to detect.
Phishing is a type of online identity theft that uses email and fraudulent websites designed to steal your personal data or information, such as credit card numbers, passwords, account data or other informations.
1. Firstly protect your computer with a two way firewall and antivirus program.
2. Keep your computer software up to date with the latest security patches.
3. Create unique and strong passwords.
4. Beware of open and insecure wifi network. Its best not to connect to them.
5. Don’t click on suspicious links, attachments, and downloads. Always use reputable sites.